Liu Fang, the Secretary General of the most popula

2022-08-13
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Liu Fang, Secretary General of ICAO: relevant regulations on UAV regulation are being formulated [Liu Fang, Secretary General of ICAO: relevant regulations on UAV regulation are being formulated] on September 13, during the 2018 global UAV conference held in Chengdu, Liu Fang, Secretary General of ICAO, said that ICAO has formulated more than 12000 standards for UAVs and is updating the existing standards for UAVs. (daily economy)

as a specialized agency of the United Nations, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has gone through more than 70 years since its establishment in 1944. ICAO promotes the safe and efficient operation of the global civil aviation industry by formulating conventions, policies, standards and recommended measures for international air transport. Since she was first elected secretary general of ICAO in 2015, Liu Fang has actively promoted the formulation of international civil aviation standards and recommended measures

on September 13, during the 2018 global UAV conference held in Chengdu, Liu Fang received an exclusive interview with the daily economy (hereinafter referred to as NBD). Liu Fang said that ICAO has formulated more than 12000 standards for unmanned aerial vehicles and is updating the existing standards for unmanned aerial vehicles

talking about industrial development, China's UAV industry is in the forefront of the world

nbd: in recent years, UAV "black flight" incidents have occurred frequently, bringing potential safety hazards. How do you view the problems and challenges faced in its development process

Liu Fang: the UAV industry plays a very important role in civil aviation and even the whole society, but the development of the industry also brings great challenges to the civil aviation industry. Therefore, we should think about how to turn challenges into opportunities and find solutions to the problems brought by UAVs. With the fourth industrial revolution taking UAV as a new industry, it requires updating all current international standards. With the advantages of high precision, wide speed regulation range, compact structure, convenient operation and stable performance, the UAV industry can be safely and orderly integrated into the aviation environment of manned aircraft operation, so as to provide high-quality and safe services to the country, society and the public

UAV is divided into two parts according to the current definition of ICAO. First, large unmanned aerial vehicles, involving personnel licenses, are managed according to manned aircraft; Second, small unmanned aerial vehicles. For small unmanned aerial vehicles to be integrated into the regulatory system, first, it is unrealistic, and second, it restricts the development of the entire industry, thus bringing negative effects. We hope that the government can explore favorable conditions, facilities and management methods for small UAVs, so as to effectively manage UAVs

nbd: what role should the government and enterprises play in promoting the orderly and standardized development of the UAV industry

Liu Fang: China is at the forefront of the world in terms of drone manufacturing and use. I believe that enterprises and governments should cooperate closely. The enterprise is a leader in the industry and takes the lead in the introduction and application of new technologies. In this process, the government should create a good environment for enterprises to operate safely and effectively. At the same time, the government should also supervise enterprises to ensure the safety of personnel and property

for countries, every country has its airspace. For the world, we have only one earth and only one airspace. In this airspace, there are not only drones in operation. With the addition of drones, drones and drones need to formulate a rule system from the aspects of technology and management to promote healthy development in the process of jointly using airspace resources. The Chinese government and enterprises are actually at the forefront in this regard. They hope to continue to explore and formulate relevant rules so that UAVs can operate in a safe and orderly environment

say standard setting ICAO is updating relevant standards

nbd: what has ICAO done to standardize the development of UAVs

Liu Fang: ICAO is actually a specialized agency of the United Nations. Since its establishment in 1944, ICAO has developed more than 12000 international standards for more than 70 years, but these standards are all for manned aircraft

with regard to unmanned aerial vehicles, we are updating the existing standards. The relevant standards formulated by ICAO will be implemented by 192 Member countries around the world. For specific countries, the general relevant rules are formulated by the state, "The merchants participating in the green action plan, ICAO, are not involved. However, with the rapid development of UAVs, it brings different or the same challenges to each member state. Therefore, the 192 Member States that have saved the data output interface at the same time requested and authorized ICAO to conduct research and develop guidelines in 2016. After listening to opinions and national experience, ICAO summarized them in the form of working groups and expert groups. Through the international civil aviation organization The (1) panel display function work of the aviation organization has developed guidelines of guiding significance for countries, so as to ensure that countries are more orderly and safe in the development of the UAV industry

nbd: what's your opinion on UAV supervision? What are your expectations for the development of industry norms

Liu Fang: for UAV regulation, ICAO is currently at the stage of formulating regulations. It is hoped that all countries can formulate relevant specific regulations, and ICAO will also give relevant guidelines. For large unmanned aerial vehicles, we need to enter the regulatory system we have developed. Countries should implement the standards of ICAO as their own regulations. For small unmanned aerial vehicles, we will also provide some guidelines and tools that can be used in some countries. So that countries can use the guidelines of ICAO to formulate the relevant systems and rules of UAV management in their countries. Through the ICAO platform, we will allow countries to share various experiences, and strive to make the experience widely used, so as to promote the development of the industry

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